The Llama, the largest of the South American camelids, claims its natural habitat principally in the Andean regions of Peru and Bolivia. During the era of the Incas, these animals formed an extremely important part in the life of the Andean people, as they were the principal medium of transportation. Their meat was valued and they played an important part in mystical rituals, some of which still take place nowadays. Today Llamas have been successfully raised in far-off countries such as Australia, the United States and Canada.

In the textile industry, the Llama’s hair is not as commonly used as the Alpaca’s. A dehairing process is needed to obtain a fine fiber of 22 microns which can then be used to manufacture high-quality pile fabrics for coats and lightweight blankets.