Alpacas are the most plentiful of the four South American camelids. With over 3.5 million animals in Peru (about 80% of the world’s total), they provide income for thousands of Andean families.
This magnificent animal produces more than twenty natural shades. The fiber is known for outstanding thermal insulation, wrinkle resistance, low pilling, high water absorption (hollow fiber) and a remarkable softness. Each fleece is hand sorted, according to its fineness, into one of the following categories: Royal Alpaca (less than 19 microns), Baby Alpaca (22.5 microns), Superfine Alpaca (26.5 microns), Huarizo (29 microns), Coarse (32 microns) and Mixed Pieces (shorter fiber generally over 30 microns). Each category serves different textile purposes in the production of cloth, scarves, shawls, sweaters, garments, blankets, carpets and blending material.
There are two varieties of Alpacas. The most common is the Huacaya, it accounts for about 90% of the total Alpaca population. Its straight, dense hair distinguishes it from the Suri variety.